“ Not all of those who have abandoned the subjectivist or mentalist paradigm have identified language as that which must replace the subject. But all of them, at least to a certain degree, were or still are convinced that the self is not autonomous but determined by external forces over which it only has very limited control, be they language (hermeneutic philosophy, Lyotard), social and economic forces (Marxism of various kinds), the unconscious (Freud), or ‘discursive formations’ (Foucault). Even in the case of the Critical Theory of Jürgen Habermas and his collaborators and followers, there is evidence of a strong anti-subjectivist tendency. In some ways this is surprising because it would seem that any social and political form unnecessary coercion must attribute a considerable amount of autonomy to individual agents. Nonetheless, second-generation Critical Theorists have been concern because they believe that the focus on subjectivity can and must give way to a focus on language and intersubjectivity.”
"Dieter Freundlieb: Dieter Henrich and Contemporary Philosophy: The Return to Subjectivity, p. 2"